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Some monasteries passed into the control of lay people, and many kinds of abuses resulted.
In the 700's, a reform movement began, led by men called Celi De (servants of God), who preached a return to the former strictness of monastic life.
From there, he and his successors taught the Christian religion throughout much of Scotland and northern England. Columbanus went to France and Italy; Gall, to Switzerland; Kilian, to Germany; and Livinius, to the Netherlands.
They founded monasteries in many of the places that they visited.
He was replaced by Patrick who landed in Ireland in 432, he become the patron saint of Ireland. When he was about 16 years of age, he was captured by Irish raiders (probably acting under the orders of the Irish king Niall Noigiallach 'Niall of the Nine Hostages') . or six years, he herded sheep for his Irish master, it is said on Slemish mountain County Antrim.
He escaped, legend tells us that he stowed away on a ship bound for England, loaded with Irish Wolfhounds.
n 431, Pope Celestine sent Palladius as first bishop to the Irish, Pallidus died shortly after arriving in Ireland.
Gradually, monasteries became an important feature of Christian life in Ireland. missionaries to leave Ireland, although it could be said there were extenuating circumstance.
In 563, he founded a monastery on Iona, a small island off the coast of Scotland.
It has been suggested that some of the early monastic sites occupied land previously used as Druid colleges and may have taken over from them. But during this time, Ireland became a great center of education and scholarship.
Certainly early church sites tended to be sited in or near oak groves, the oak was sacred to the Celts. Many students came from Britain and Europe to Ireland to study in its famous monastic schools.
For thirty years he traveled the country, founding churches and ordaining priests.